How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in a computer-driven world, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay virtually any loan boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to create your FICO score.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors to build a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The result is a single number: your credit score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must remove any incorrect data on your credit report; this is really the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to raise your FICO score, you've got to have the credit reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at 7084035181.