You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history in order to build this score.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to build your score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a big difference in your interest rate
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is formulated from your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you can and should remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
To improve your credit score, you've got to obtain the credit reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us at (708) 403-5181.